Business insurance policies can provide protection from all major property and liability risks in one package or as separate coverages. One package that is often purchased by small and medium-sized businesses is the business owners policy (BOP). However, larger companies might purchase a commercial package policy or customize their policies to meet the special risks they face.
Property insurance for buildings and contents owned by the company.
Business interruption insurance, which covers the loss of income resulting from fire or other catastrophes that disrupts the operation of the business. It can also include the extra expense of operating out of a temporary location.
Liability protection, which covers a company’s legal responsibility for the harm it may cause to others. This harm is a result of things that an employer or employee does that may cause bodily injury or property damage to defective products, faulty installations and errors in service provided.
BOPs, however, do not cover professional liability, auto insurance, workers’ compensation or health and disability insurance
Business Interruption Insurance
Business interruption insurance can be as vital to your survival as a business as fire insurance. Most people would never consider opening a business without buying insurance to cover damage due to fire and windstorms. But too many small business owners fail to think about how they would manage if a fire or other disaster damaged their business premises so that they were temporarily unusable. Business interruption coverage is not sold separately. It is added to a property insurance policy or included in a package policy.
A business that has to close down completely while the premises are being repaired may lose out to competitors. A quick resumption of business after a disaster is essential.
Business interruption insurance compensates you for lost income if your company has to vacate the premises due to disaster-related damage that is covered under your property insurance policy, such as a fire. Business interruption insurance covers the profits you would have earned, based on your financial records, had the disaster not occurred. The policy also covers operating expenses, like electricity, that continue even though business activities have come to a temporary halt.
Make sure the policy limits are sufficient to cover your company for more than a few days. After a major disaster, it can take more time than many people expect to get the business back on track. There is generally a 48-hour waiting period before business interruption coverage kicks in.
The price of the policy is related to the risk of a fire or other disaster damaging your premises. All other things being equal, the price would probably be higher for a restaurant than a real estate agency, for example, because of the greater risk of fire. Also, a real estate agency can more easily operate out of another location.
Workers' Compensation Insurance
Workers’ compensation is an insurance system, mutually beneficial to both employees and their employers. It serves two basic purposes:
To provide benefits to employees who have suffered a work-related injury or illness; and
To protect employers from costly litigation over claims of work-related injuries and illnesses.
Benefits to the injured employee can include one or more of the following:
Appropriate medical treatment;
Partial replacement of lost income in cases where an employee is unable to work for more than seven days (or death benefits paid to dependent survivors in the event of a fatal injury or illness);
Vocational rehabilitation so the injured worker can return to gainful employment as quickly as possible.
Workers’ compensation is the oldest form of no-fault insurance. First established in Germany in 1856 and adopted soon after by England and most of Western Europe, workers’ compensation insurance was enacted in Michigan in 1912. By 1920, all but eight of the other states had passed workers’ compensation laws.
Workers’ compensation is “no-fault” in the sense that benefits are paid without regard to who or what caused or contributed to an injury or illness that “arises out of, or in the course of, employment.” Before this insurance system was established, an employer could be sued for negligence and could only defend himself/herself against such lawsuits by proving that the employee was at least partially at fault, that a fellow employee contributed to the injury, or that the employee assumed the risk of potential injury by accepting the job.
All private employers must have workers’ compensation coverage if:
They regularly employ three or more workers at one time; or
During the preceding 52 weeks, they have regularly employed at least one worker for 35 hours or more per week for 13 weeks or longer.
All public employers must have coverage. Any other employer can voluntarily choose to buy workers’ compensation coverage. By doing so, the employer is protected against being sued in the event a worker is injured on the job.